The Calamian is a group of islands in the Philippine province of Palawan. It includes:
- Busuanga Island
- Coron Island
- Culion Island
- several minor islands.
Historically, the Calamianes was site of the Spanish politico-militar Provincia de Calamianes. Spain later purchased mainland Paragua from the Sultan of Borneo. During the American occupation, the old Provincia de Calamianes was dissolved and jointly administered with the Island of Paragua as the new Province of Palawan.
Since the American regime and until recently, Calamianes serves host to the Culion Leper Colony which is now a regular municipality of the Philippines. The cleanest inland body of Water in the Philippines called Kayangan Lake, and Calauit Island which serve as home to endangered African animal specie, are found in these islands as well. The world's best kept diving secret, those sunken WWII Japanese shipwrecks also lies silently within its waters as a witness to a gruesome past, most of which are within divable depths.
Some of the finest beaches, islands and tourist spots in the country are found in this island group